Glossary of Terms

21st Century Glossary for Professional Performance

Here are some definitions of some of the technologies and catch words you will be reading about here on

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)

What is ADHD? "Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common childhood disorders and can continue through adolescence and adulthood. Symptoms include difficulty staying focused and paying attention, difficulty controlling behavior, and hyperactivity (NIMH, 2011) .

There are three distinguishable ADHD subtypes: Predominantly Hyperactive-impulsive; Predominantly Inattentive; and Combined Hyperactive-impulsive and Inattentive.  Let's take a look at some of the information about Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder made available by the National Institute of Mental Health.

ADHD — Predominantly Hyperactive-impulsive

According to the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH, 2011), Predominantly Hyperactive-impulsive ADHD is when six or more symptoms exist in the hyperactivity-impulsive categories, and less than six symptoms of inattention exist.  However, inattention to a lesser degree may still be present.

  • Hyperactive – Trouble sitting still.
  • Hyperactive – Nonstop talking.
  • Hyperactive – Constantly in motion.
  • Impulsive – Extremely impatient.
  • Impulsive – Acting without regard to consequences.
  • Impulsive – Frequent disruption of activities.

ADHD — Predominantly Inattentive

In contrast to the Predominantly Hyperactive-impulsive ADHD subtype, the Predominantly Inattentive subtype is when six or more symptoms in the inattention category exist, and less than six symptoms of hyperactivity-impulsivity exist.  The NIMH advises that "Hyperactivity-impulsivity may still be present to some degree" (NIMH, 2011).

  • Easily distracted.
  • Difficulty completing tasks without assistance.
  • Short term memory loss.
  • Not listening when spoken to.
  • Excessive daydreaming.
  • Difficulty processing information.

ADHD — Combined Hyperactive-impulsive and Inattentive

Combined Hyperactive-impulsive and Inattentive is the most common ADHD subtype among children with ADHD.  Combined Hyperactive-impulsive and Inattentive is when six or more symptoms of hyperactivity-impulsivity exist, and six or more symptoms of inattention exist.

Neuro-linguistic Programming (NLP)

The study of human excellence – how we think and act it, how to design it, how to communicate with it, how to replicate it, how to transfer it. NLP techniques and processes are among the most powerful tools of mind in the world. Two founders: Richard Bandler and John Grinder. Many more creative genii continue to develop the field. For change, motivation, empowerment, influence, communication and persuasion.

NLP Modeling, Behavioral Modeling or Modeling Excellence

Seeks to discover what top performers do that is very different from others in their field and then to transfer those skills (beliefs, thought patterns, action patterns) to others. The field deals pretty much solely with replicating excellence. Results: success.


A method that uses monitoring devices to help you consciously regulate your body’s functions, such as your heart rate, your sweat response, your muscle activity, etc. It’s a great learning technique, because you can instantly recognize the effects that your thoughts and emotions are having on your body. And vice versa. Results: improved health, decreased stress.


Biofeedback for the brain (neuro) based on the electrical activity of your brain. When you do neurofeedback training, you are training your brain to its potential. Sensors on your head send signals to a computer and you watch these as they change during mental tasks. then you can learn to do the positive changes voluntarily. Results: great gains in memory, attention, speed and mental resilience and agility.

HEG Hemoencephalography

A newer form of neurofeedback which trains the brain to voluntarily increase its blood flow (increasing oxygen & glucose) to specific parts of the brain. Just as Neurofeedback HEG is widely used for peak mental performance training. Results: great gains in memory, attention, speed and mental resilience and agility in a relatively short period.

Eye Movement Integration

An NLP process for relieving the effects of trauma and chronic stress – quickly and easefully! EMI accesses “unintegrated” subconscious memories and re-wires them into a fuller understanding through moving the eyes (reprocessing) in different directions. The memories remain but the emotional charge that was causing the stress in the first place is gone. First developed by Connirae and Steve Andreas, evolved further through the efforts of Danie Beaulieu. Results: immediate stress relief; different perspective on issues.

Peak Mental Performance

Think Roger Federer, Lance Armstrong, Marc Spitz. What makes a champion a champion is consistent and optimal mental performance, the inner game. What makes a business professional a champion is the same. It’s the whole set of (well over 30) mental tools that allow you to take control of your mental focus, self-talk and internal imagery. To then focus on what you want. To concentrate your power in that direction. Results: just that.

Energy Psychology

Represent a group of more recent methods that have as their aim release of tension, stress, anxiety, trauma and emotional and physical pain. The premise of these methods: stressful symptoms are the result of a disruption in the body’s energy system. When this disruption is corrected, the symptoms will diminish and be replaced once again by healthy functioning.

Emotional Freedom Technique (EFT)

Easily the very most useful, handy and thus powerful of the energy psychology methods. EFT represents the non plus ultra of self-help tools, designed by Gary Craig, from the earlier work of Roger Callahan. Results: immediate and measurable improvement in Heart Rate Variability (that’s good!); dramatic decrease in stress levels; softening-up of resistances and destructive thinking.

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